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Zero Trust Architecture – A Paradigm Shift in Network Security Strategies

Due to the digital transformation and the widespread embrace of remote work, sophisticated cyber threats have become increasingly prevalent. Zero Trust Architecture (ZTA), strategically optimizes your resource utilization, elevates your cybersecurity posture, and bolsters data protection.

This strategy enables you to focus on your primary business. Moreover,  Managed IT services Chicago are also an integral part of addressing these challenges that are limited to Chicago businesses. 

What Exactly is Zero Trust Architecture?

ZTA serves as a security framework founded on the core tenet of “Never Trust, Always Verify.” In the conventional security paradigm, users or devices gaining network access are often granted implicit trust. In contrast, ZTA operates on the premise that threats may arise from both external and internal sources, necessitating continuous validation of trust regardless of a user’s location or network entry point.

Implementing Zero Trust: Practical Measures

Asset Inventory: Initiate the process by meticulously identifying and categorizing all assets within your organization, encompassing devices, applications, and data.

Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA): Enforce MFA to ensure that user identities undergo verification through a variety of methods before access is granted.

Role-Based Access Control (RBAC): Assign access privileges based on distinct roles and responsibilities, ensuring that users only have access to essential resources pertinent to their assignments.

Encryption: Safeguard data both during transmission and while at rest, providing protection against unauthorized access, even if it falls into the hands of unauthorized individuals.

Network Segmentation: Implement micro-segmentation to compartmentalize different segments of your network, effectively curbing lateral movement by potential intruders.

Key Components of Zero Trust Architecture

In the domain of zero trust, several prevailing trends exist in the market. Most of these trends focus on specific solutions that enhance an individual architectural element or aspect of zero trust. Many businesses perceive the commencement of zero trust as starting with Identity. This is mainly because Identity and Access Management (IAM) providers have achieved a high level of maturity and have enthusiastically embraced the principles of Zero Trust Architecture (ZTA), actively advocating for features like Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA) and Conditional Access.

While IAM undoubtedly plays a pivotal role as a critical component and the primary entry point, Protiviti takes a comprehensive view of zero trust. From our standpoint, zero trust represents a holistic strategy and program, comprising seven distinct design components. This perspective enables organizations to leverage their existing strengths in the adoption of zero trust principles.

The fundamental elements forming the core of zero trust architecture encompass:

Identity and Access

Every identity must go through thorough verification and reinforcement via strong authentication practices. This encompasses multi-factor authentication, adaptive access, conditional access, and role-based access controls. These measures work to validate the identity throughout the entire digital landscape.

Data Governance

Efficient data management involves categorizing and labeling data to ensure the discoverability of both structured and unstructured data. Organizations should apply tailored data protection measures that match the data’s value, avoiding a one-size-fits-all approach.


Networks continue to serve as central control hubs for the majority of organizations. The implementation of micro-segmentation and micro-perimeter strategies is vital to restrict lateral movement within the environment and establish control points that enhance visibility into data flows.


Identifying, cataloging, isolating, and securing endpoints on a network are of utmost importance. Similar to identities, endpoints must undergo authentication as part of the authentication process to guarantee access from approved and secure systems.


Applications and application programming interfaces (APIs) act as the conduit through which users access data. It is crucial to set up safeguards that uncover shadow IT and enable real-time analytics and monitoring for all applications, whether they are internally developed or from third-party sources.

By thoroughly tackling these design elements, companies can establish a robust groundwork for their zero trust expedition.

What Actions Companies Can Take in This Context?

Adopt a zero-trust strategy — To attain success, a commitment to the zero-trust approach must originate from the highest echelons of leadership across diverse business units.

Assess the current project roadmap — Organizations should identify and comprehend the security projects currently in progress and those on the horizon. This facilitates potential alignment of these projects with zero-trust principles.

Recognize and map out data — It’s crucial to identify sensitive data and gain a comprehensive understanding of its storage, processing, and transmission. Furthermore, delineate the pathways of sensitive corporate data to effectively define the boundaries of key zero-trust elements (e.g., workloads, data, etc.).

Establish or revise security policies and standards — Adapt security policies and standards to accommodate changes made to enterprise resources in accordance with zero-trust principles.

Architect the future network — Organizations should implement micro-segmentation by logically defining network segments governing traffic both within and between these segments. This approach serves to restrict the lateral spread of threats and emphasizes the creation of detailed policies based on a data-centric approach.


While the COVID-19 pandemic undeniably hastened the “bring your own device” (BYOD) and remote workforce trends, Internet of Things (IoT) gadgets, cloud-centric applications, and other cloud-based services also play a role in subverting perimeter-based security. For example, an individual using their tablet to connect to a cloud application might find themselves hundreds of miles away from the company’s central data hub, necessitating the protection of corporate data across a multitude of systems. Ideally, Zero Trust Architecture (ZTA) seeks to dismantle these barriers by leveraging identity, contextual information, and device data, all subject to continuous validation and monitoring. The goal of ZTA is to grant data access exclusively to users and devices that have been properly authenticated and authorized.

Ana Hoffman
Anna Hoffman is a part-time blogger who writes on Business, Technology, Digital Marketing, Real Estate, Lifestyle, and Educational topics.
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